Sunday, January 31, 2010
“And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers" [Aal ‘Imraan 3:85]
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) told us that groups of his ummah would follow the enemies of Allah in some of their rituals and customs, as it says in the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him), who narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “You will certainly follow the ways of those who came before you, span by span, cubit by cubit, until even if they were to enter a lizard’s hole, you would follow them.” We said, “O Messenger of Allah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said, “Who else? !” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari in al-I’tisaam bi’l-Kitaab wa’l-Sunnah, Baab Qawl al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) La tattabi’unna Sanan man kaana qablakum, 8/151; and by Muslim in Kitaab al-‘Ilm, Baab Ittibaa’ Sanan al-Yahood wa’l-Nasaara, 4/ 2054)
What the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) spoke of has indeed come to pass and has become widespread in recent times, in many of the Muslim countries. Many of the Muslims follow the enemies of Allah in many of their customs and ways of behaving, and imitate them in some of their rituals and in celebrating their holidays. The matter has been made even worse by the opening up of mass communications between peoples, whereby the rituals and customs of the kuffaar are now transmitted with the glamorous adornment of sound and image from their countries into the Muslim countries, via satellite TV and the World Wide Web (Internet). Many Muslims have been deceived by their glamour.
In recent years, a new phenomenon has spread among the Muslim youth – males and females alike – which does not bode well. This is manifested in their imitation of the Christians in their celebration of the Valentine’s Day, which has led the scholars and daa’iyahs to explain the rulings of sharee’ah concerning that, out of sincerity towards Allah, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk, so that Muslims may have a clear understanding of this issue and so that they will not fall into that which will undermine the belief (‘aqeedah) with which Allah has blessed them. This is a brief discussion of the origins, development and purpose of this holiday, and what the Muslim should do with regard to it.
The story of the Festival of Love (Valentine’s Day)
The Festival of Love was one of the festivals of the pagan Romans, when paganism was the prevalent religion of the Romans more than seventeen centuries ago. In the pagan Roman concept, it was an expression of “spiritual love”. There were myths associated with this pagan festival of the Romans, which persisted with their Christian heirs. Among the most famous of these myths was the Roman belief that Romulus, the founder of Rome, was suckled one day by a she-wolf, which gave him strength and wisdom. The Romans used to celebrate this event in mid-February each year with a big festival. One of the rituals of this festival was the sacrifice of a dog and a goat. Two strong and muscular youths would daub the blood of the dog and goat onto their bodies, then they would wash the blood away with milk. After that there would be a great parade, with these two youths at its head, which would go about the streets. The two youths would have pieces of leather with which they would hit everyone who crossed their path. The Roman women would welcome these blows, because they believed that they could prevent or cure infertility.
The connection between Saint Valentine and this festival
Saint Valentine is a name which is given to two of the ancient “martyrs” of the Christian Church. It was said that there were two of them, or that there was only one, who died in Rome as the result of the persecution of the Gothic leader Claudius, c. 296 CE. In 350 CE, a church was built in Rome on the site of the place where he died, to perpetuate his memory. When the Romans embraced Christianity, they continued to celebrate the Feast of Love mentioned above, but they changed it from the pagan concept of “spiritual love” to another concept known as the “martyrs of love”, represented by Saint Valentine who had advocated love and peace, for which cause he was martyred, according to their claims. It was also called the Feast of Lovers, and Saint Valentine was considered to be the patron saint of lovers.
Full Info Here
Friday, January 29, 2010
Abd-Allaah ibn Masood (RAA) said: I asked the Messenger of Allah (SAW), Which sin is worst in the sight of Allah? He said, To make any rival to Allah, when He has created you. I asked, Then what? He said, To kill your child for fear that he will eat with you. I asked, Then what? He said, To commit zinaa with the wife of your neighbour." (Reported in Sahih Al-Bukhaari, Hadith #492 and In Shaih Muslim, Hadith #90).
Thursday, January 28, 2010
If You Are Muslim, Then Answer When You Are Being Called; But If You Are Not, Then Enjoy Your SISTERS's SCREAMS
Mass Rape In BOSNIA: 20,000 Women, Mostly Muslims, Have Been Abused By Serb Soldiers:
January 23, 1993 – (Hamilton Spectator) During a night of unimaginable horror when she was raped by at least 15 Serb soldiers, Amela, a 25-year-old Bosnian, had no doubt why she'd been singled out for such bestiality.
"Because I am a Muslim," the married, red-haired woman says simply. "Their aim was to humiliate me, to make me lose my honor, to prove that they're the masters and they can rape and kill you just as they please. We are like their slaves."
Now she feels her life, quite literally, is ruined. It is only the thought of her two-year-old son that stops Amela from killing herself.
"I try to be brave, but without even thinking about it, I just feel a physical urge to throw myself in front of a car or a tram."
Dr. Jarmila Skrinjaric, a psychiatrist who is treating four Bosnian rape victims, says: "this is the biggest psychological trauma a human being can experience. It's even worse for the women who have gotten pregnant as a result."
Nearly every day, a pregnant Bosnian woman turns up in Zagreb, seeking an abortion or about to deliver an unwanted Serb-fathered baby. And this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Thousands more who escaped pregnancy simply blend into the huge refugee population, trying desperately to keep what they consider a shameful secret.
The European Community estimates 20,000 Bosnian women – mostly Muslims -- have been raped. The Croatian health ministry believes one-third of all those held in camps in Bosnia have been raped, including six-year-old girls and 80-year-old women.Bosnian officials fear hundreds have been killed after gang rapes.
Amnesty International released two reports late this week on the systematic and sexual degradation of women in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Amnesty International said although Muslim women are the main victims, and Serbian troops the main culprits, Creoatian and Muslim forces also commonly hunt women for the specific purpose of sexually abusing them.
As Amela's experience shows, Serbs have refined wartime rape from a Spontaneous crime into a well-mapped-out strategy of national humiliation.
Amela -- a pseudonym selected by the former factory worker – was rounded up last August along with all other residents of her husband's small Muslim village in northwestern Bosnia, between Banja Luka and Duboj.
The men were separated and, she believes, shot, and their bodies burned on the spot. Her husband, whom she hasn't heard from since last July, was not among them because he was off fighting for the Bosnian defence forces.
Sixty women, girls and children were taken to a lumber factory in Kotor Varos, where, after nightfall, the gang rapes began.
Selecting their victims by the light of matches, the Serb irregulars led Amela off with a knife to her throat. She thinks the men were under orders to rape because, when she begged to be let go, her Serb tormentor replied: "I can't. I have to."
She was raped twice, let go briefly, then led back into a pitch-black room where she was brutally raped for hours on a cement floor.
She estimates at least 20 other women were gang-raped during the night, including a 15-year-old and a woman already nine months pregnant.
The next day the entire group of 60 was dumped in a forest. They made their way to Travnik, in Muslim and Croat hands. From there Amela went to Zagreb, the Croatian capital, where she was reunited with the female members of her family and now lives on charity.
Although she escaped pregnancy or sexually-transmitted diseases, her Gynecologist says she suffered permanent internal damage. Her period also stopped last August, due to shock, her doctor says.
"I try to forget about it, but it's impossible to forget," says Amela, breaking into tears for the first time in an hour and a half of reciting her story in a clear, strong voice.
"I was raised in a religious Muslim family. Now I have lost my honor."
Deeply depressed, she says: "sometimes I cry during the night. I can't sleep. I have nightmares." She longs to be reunited with her husband and return to their three-storey house, as long as there are no Serbs in the neighborhood.
For 24-year-old Marija, an ethnic Croat virgin living in northern Bosnia, wartime rape was even more prolonged and brutal. For two months she was held in a Serb brothel-camp and raped daily by five or six men.
Captured during an afternoon walk near her village in northern Bosnia last autumn, Marija was imprisoned in a small room in a house in Obudovac and abused each evening by Serb irregulars. From other rooms she could hear the screams of other women, but never saw them.
When she was released in a prisoner exchange earlier this month, she was pregnant.
An abortion was performed last week, and Marija has gone to live with her sister near Zagreb. Her most fervent wish is that her boyfriend -- serving with the Bosnian Croat forces -- not find out what happened to her, so they can still get married.
Dr. Veselko Grizelj, her gynecologist, shakes his head sadly as he recalls her words.
"I don't think she can go on to have normal sexual relations with her boyfriend," he says.
Aida, a 30-year-old married Muslim woman from the eastern Bosnian town Of Goradze, has already descended into madness as a result of being gang-raped in her own home by marauding Serb soldiers, including two of her neighbors whom she knew by name.
Now just five weeks away from delivering the resulting baby, the dark-haired former factory worker has entered a manic state triggered by relating her story to several journalists in the last week.
Having previously rejected the unborn child, she now talks gaily and incessantly about it as if it were the product of her marriage.
Says her psychiatrist, Skrinjaric: "She's completely unstable, and incapable of thinking clearly. I am afraid of the depressive stage which is inevitable. Then she'll almost certainly reject the baby. And I'm especially worried about what will happen after the birth."
Pregnancy is a unique torture for the rape victims. Every time the fetus kicks in the womb, the unwilling mother relives the horror of its conception. The few babies delivered so far -- "born to be rejected by their own mothers," as one legal expert puts it -- have been put up for adoption.
Doctors treating the rape victims predict married women will not be able to put their marriages back together, and single women in the traditional Muslim society -- stigmatized by rape -- will never marry.
A CALL TO MY MUSLIM BROTHERS AND SISTERS:
So I ask…
What happened to you?
I heard you were LIONS.
Your blood is of those who would rise for far less.
Yet today you ignore your SISTERS calls?
Do you not hear?
Your blood is calling you…
How do they dare to touch the Hijab of a Muslim woman?
Remove our sisters Hijabs?
I must be confused!
I thought we were Muslims!
Oh Ummah! Are not you yet wake-up from your slumber?
Are not the screams of your innocents not loud enough yet??
Answer the call of your Innocent
Or Answer the Almighty…
“And what is the matter with you that you fight not in the cause of Allah and for the oppressed among men, women, and children who say, 'O Lord, take us out of this city of oppressive people and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and appoint for us from Yourself a helper'?”
[Al-Quran: Chapter: 4, Verse: 75]
Sunday, January 24, 2010
You know you’re a Hijabi/NiqabbiYou know you’re a hijabi/niqabbi if…You get more stares walking through a crowded parking lot than Paris Hilton got when she walked out of jail.
You know you’re a hijabi/niqabbi if…You are constantly asked about your body temperature (u hot? lol)
You know you’re a hijabi/niqabbi if…People randomly come up to you and ask if your husband makes you wear “that”or you are asked if he abuses you.
You know you’re a hijab/niqabbi if…people ask you if you shower and sleep with that “thing” on.
You know you’re a hijab/niqabbi if…People talk to you and not your body.
You know you’re a hijabi/niqabbi if…You are asked where you are from by just about every person you meet.
You know you’re a hijabi if…You are often mistaken for a nun.
You know you’re a hijabi/niqqabi if…People automatically have a difficulty understanding you even though you speak perfectly clear and correct.
You know you’re a niqabi if…You often hear ninja jokes
You know you’re a niqqabi if…People are facinated by watching you eat. Some are even so facinated that they may video you and post it on the internet.
You know you’re a hijabbi/niqabbi if…you feel the peace and contentment only obtained by obeying your creator..you feel respected and liberated…and you know that even with all the comments and stares your Creator is pleased with you and that’s all that matters!
Tuesday, January 19, 2010
Monday, January 18, 2010
He never sent me a bill! Great Story
A man reached 70 years of age and was affected by a disease which made him unable to urinate. The doctors told him that he needs an operation to cure the disease. He agreed to do the operation as the problem was giving him severe pain for days.
When the operation was completed the doctor gave him a bill which covered all the costs. After looking at the bill, the man started crying. Upon seeing this, the doctor said "If the cost is too high then we could make some other arrangements for you." The old man replied, "I am not crying because of the money but I am crying because Allah let me urinate for 70 years and"
Subhanallah! We rarely thank Allah for these things which are indeed great favours. Let us ask Allah to grant us the ability to recognize His bounties and thank Him often.
"And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them…" Quran (14:34)
Please remember the umaah in your pious duaas
Walaikumsalaam Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuhu
Sunday, January 17, 2010
If the argument is for the sake of proving their point only, then this is what is said in the Hadith:
“Whoever sought knowledge for the purpose of using it to compete with the learned or showing ability to be contentious with stupid people, or to draw people’s attention to him, Allah will put him in hell.” (Authenticated by Al-Tarmidhī, on the relation of Ka‘b Ibn Mālik)
If the argument is rather for the Truth to be known, then this is what is said in the Qur'an:
"Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things." (The Qur'an: 2.256)
"So (O Prophet) exhort them (to the right path). (for) Your task is only to exhort. You cannot compel them (to accept the truth). Whosoever turns away and disbelieves, Allah will punish him with a mighty punishment. Surely to Us they will have to return, then it will be upon Us to call them to account (for what they used to do)." (The Qur'an: 88.21-26)
According to the above Ayat, we should only let the Truth be known but not enforce it on anyone because the Truth is self-apparent. In the end, we can only pray that Allah [Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala] guides them to the right path.
When we argue, the devil [Shaitaan] joins us!
At this point the Prophet [SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam] got up. Abu Bakr [Radhiallahu 'Anhu] asked him, “Are you displeased with me, O Messenger of Allah?” The Prophet [SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam] replied, “No, but (when you remained silent) an angel came down from the heaven responding to this man’s talk. But the moment you started replying to that man, the angel went away and the devil sat down. And I cannot sit where the devil is sitting.” (Abu Dawud B41#4878)
Some points to remember if we are involved in an argument:
(whether here on the Internet or in person)
1. "Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth, best who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance." (The Qur'an 16.125).
First of all, if the topic of dispute is not an Islamic one, then it is better to be quiet and not waste our time and effort on something that is not beneficial. If it is in regards to Islam, then as the above Ayah states, we must be polite and choose our words carefully. We should not insult, curse, swear, or get angry. We should always remember that we are representing how a Muslim behaves to everyone around us [i.e. adults and kids]. We should not do anything to blemish the image of an Ideal Muslim.
2. We should keep an open mind. Sometimes because of our limited knowledge, we believe that our opinion is the correct one. However, it could be that the other person's argument could actually be the Truth.
3. We should not assume that there is only one correct answer. There are many topics that have different opinions between the Scholars. We may believe one to be true, but that does not mean the other person is wrong. However, what is stated as Haram is Haram, Halal is Halal, and doubtful is better to avoid as per the below Hadith:
Prophet Muhammad [SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam] is reported to have said: "Halal is clear and Haram is clear; in between these two are certain things that are suspected. Many people may not know whether those items are Halal or Haram. Whosoever leaves them, he is innocent towards his religion and his conscience. He is, therefore, safe. Anyone who gets involved in any of these suspected items, he may fall into the unlawful and the prohibited. This case is similar to the one who wished to raise his animals too close to a restricted area, so that the animals may step into that area. Indeed for every landlord there is a restricted area. Indeed the restriction of Allah are the Haram." (Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim)
4. Our intention should only be to inform the other person of the Truth. It should not be to make them think that we are right, or that we are very knowledgeable, or to make them feel inferior.
5. We should only provide guidance given in the Qur'an and Hadith with reference in regards to the topic of dispute. We should not include our personal opinions or present day scenarios. We should remember that Islam is a perfect religion for all times.
6. Lastly, if we do not have any knowledge of the topic, then we should not try to get involved just for the sake of argument. This will not only take a lot of our time and effort, but in the end it might make us lose some respect in the minds of others.
Finally, we should always remember this Hadith when we are involved in an argument:
"I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a home in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even for the sake of fun; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners.'' (Sunan Abu Dawud)
May Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) help us All in keeping away from time and energy wasting arguments, and allow us to be one of those who help others as well as themselves in following the guidance given in the Qur'an and Hadith in our daily manners. Ameen.
~ Manners In Islam ~
1. Definition of Polygamy
Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse. Polygamy can be of two types. One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is polyandry, where a woman marries more than one man. In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted; whereas polyandry is completely prohibited.
Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than one wife?
2. The Qur’an is the only religious scripture in the world that says, "marry only one".
The Qur’an is the only religious book, on the face of this earth, that contains the phrase ‘marry only one’. There is no other religious book that instructs men to have only one wife. In none of the other religious scriptures, whether it be the Vedas, the Ramayan, the Mahabharat, the Geeta, the Talmud or the Bible does one find a restriction on the number of wives. According to these scriptures one can marry as many as one wishes. It was only later, that the Hindu priests and the Christian Church restricted the number of wives to one.
Many Hindu religious personalities, according to their scriptures, had multiple wives. King Dashrat, the father of Rama, had more than one wife. Krishna had several wives.
In earlier times, Christian men were permitted as many wives as they wished, since the Bible puts no restriction on the number of wives. It was only a few centuries ago that the Church restricted the number of wives to one.
Polygyny is permitted in Judaism. According to Talmudic law, Abraham had three wives, and Solomon had hundreds of wives. The practice of polygyny continued till Rabbi Gershom ben Yehudah (95% C.E to 1030 C.E) issued an edict against it. The Jewish Sephardic communities living in Muslim countries continued the practice till as late as 1950, until an Act of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel extended the ban on marrying more than one wife.
3. Hindus are more polygynous than Muslims
The report of the ‘Committee of The Status of Woman in Islam’, published in 1975 mentions on page numbers 66 and 67 that the percentage of polygamous marriages between the years 1951 and 1961 was 5.06% among the Hindus and only 4.31% among the Muslims. According to Indian law only Muslim men are permitted to have more than one wife. It is illegal for any non-Muslim in India to have more than one wife. Despite it being illegal, Hindus have more multiple wives as compared to Muslims. Earlier, there was no restriction even on Hindu men with respect to the number of wives allowed. It was only in 1954, when the Hindu Marriage Act was passed that it became illegal for a Hindu to have more than one wife. At present it is the Indian Law that restricts a Hindu man from having more than one wife and not the Hindu scriptures.
Let us now analyse why Islam allows a man to have more than one wife.
4. Qur’an permits limited polygyny
As I mentioned earlier, Qur’an is the only religious book on the face of the earth that says ‘marry only one’. The context of this phrase is the following verse from Surah Nisa of the Glorious Qur’an:
"Marry women of your choice, two, or three, or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one." [Al-Qur’an 4:3]
Before the Qur’an was revealed, there was no upper limit for polygyny and many men had scores of wives, some even hundreds. Islam put an upper limit of four wives. Islam gives a man permission to marry two, three or four women, only on the condition that he deals justly with them.
In the same chapter i.e. Surah Nisa verse 129 says:
"Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women...."[Al-Qur’an 4:129]
Therefore polygyny is not a rule but an exception. Many people are under the misconception that it is compulsory for a Muslim man to have more than one wife.
Broadly, Islam has five categories of Do’s and Don’ts:
> ‘Fard’ i.e. compulsory or obligatory
> ‘Mustahab’ i.e. recommended or encouraged
> ‘Mubah’ i.e. permissible or allowed
> ‘Makruh’ i.e. not recommended or discouraged
> ‘Haraam’ i.e. prohibited or forbidden
Polygyny falls in the middle category of things that are permissible. It cannot be said that a Muslim who has two, three or four wives is a better Muslim as compared to a Muslim who has only one wife.
5. Average life span of females is more than that of males
By nature males and females are born in approximately the same ratio. A female child has more immunity than a male child. A female child can fight the germs and diseases better than the male child. For this reason, during the pediatric age itself there are more deaths among males as compared to the females.
During wars, there are more men killed as compared to women. More men die due to accidents and diseases than women. The average life span of females is more than that of males, and at any given time one finds more widows in the world than widowers.
6. India has more male population than female due to female foeticide and infanticide
India is one of the few countries, along with the other neighbouring countries, in which the female population is less than the male population. The reason lies in the high rate of female infanticide in India, and the fact that more than one million female foetuses are aborted every year in this country, after they are identified as females. If this evil practice is stopped, then India too will have more females as compared to males.
7. World female population is more than male population
In the USA, women outnumber men by 7.8 million. New York alone has one million more females as compared to the number of males, and of the male population of New York one-third are gays i.e sodomites. The U.S.A as a whole has more than twenty-five million gays. This means that these people do not wish to marry women. Great Britain has four million more females as compared to males. Germany has five million more females as compared to males. Russia has nine million more females than males. God alone knows how many million more females there are in the whole world as compared to males.
8. Restricting each and every man to have only one wife is not practical
Even if every man got married to one woman, there would still be more than thirty million females in U.S.A who would not be able to get husbands (considering that America has twenty five million gays). There would be more than four million females in Great Britain, 5 million females in Germany and nine million females in Russia alone who would not be able to find a husband.
Suppose my sister happens to be one of the unmarried women living in USA, or suppose your sister happens to be one of the unmarried women in USA. The only two options remaining for her are that she either marries a man who already has a wife or becomes public property. There is no other option. All those who are modest will opt for the first.
In Western society, it is common for a man to have mistresses and/or multiple extra-marital affairs, in which case, the woman leads a disgraceful, unprotected life. The same society, however, cannot accept a man having more than one wife, in which women retain their honourable, dignified position in society and lead a protected life.
Thus the only two options before a woman who cannot find a husband is to marry a married man or to become public property. Islam prefers giving women the honourable position by permitting the first option and disallowing the second.
There are several other reasons, why Islam has permitted limited polygyny, but it is mainly to protect the modesty of women.
By Dr Zakir Naik
Wednesday, January 13, 2010
Tuesday, January 12, 2010
There r WOMEN who say: “Why should I wear hijab when my intentions are NOT bad?” In other words, they are saying that the WOMEN who wear hijabs, their intentions are NOT correct. Astaghfirullah!
You MUST wear a hijab if you are a matured Muslimah who has reached her age of puberty, regardless of how good your intentions may be. Otherwise, you are committing a BIG SIN by being disobedient to your Lord who has created you.
“And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their ... See Moremodesty; that they should not display
their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers or their brothers'
Wednesday, January 6, 2010
Why Muhammad [PBUH] as "Number ONE" in the List?
by Michael H. Hart
Muhammad as number ONE to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.
Of humble origins, Muhammad founded and promulgated one of the world's great religions, and became an immensely effective political leader, diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, husband, father and military leader. Today, thirteen centuries after his death, his influence is still powerful and pervasive.
The majority of the persons in this book had the advantage of being born and raised in centers of civilization, highly cultured or politically pivotal nations. Muhammad, however, was born in the year 570 A.D, in the city of Mecca, in southern Arabia, at that time a backward area of the world, far from the centers of trade, art, and learning. Orphaned at age six (Father past way before his birth and mother past away when he was six), he was reared in modest surroundings. Islamic tradition tells us that he was illiterate. His economic position improved when, at age twenty-five, he married a wealthy widow. Nevertheless, as he approached forty, there was little outward indication that he was a remarkable person (Arabs nick named him as Al-Amin meaning "The Trustworthy").
Most Arabs at that time were pagans, who believed in many gods. There were, however, in Mecca, a small number of Jews and Christians; When he was forty years old, Muhammad became convinced that this one true God (Allah) was speaking to him, and had chosen him to spread the true faith.
For three years, Muhammad preached only to close friends and associates. Then, about 613, he began preaching in public. As he slowly gained converts, the Meccan authorities came to consider him a dangerous nuisance. In 622, fearing for his safety, Muhammad fled to Medina (a city some 200 miles north of Mecca), where he had been offered a position of considerable political power.
This flight, called the Hegira, was the turning point of the Prophet's life. In Mecca, he had few followers. In Medina, he had many more, and he soon acquired an influence that made him a virtual dictator. During the next few years, while Muhammad's following grew rapidly, a series of battles were fought between Medina and Mecca. This was ended in 630 with Muhammad's triumphant return to Mecca as conqueror. The remaining two and one-half years of his life witnessed the rapid conversion of the Arab tribes to the new religion. When Muhammad died, in 632, he was the effective ruler of all of southern Arabia.
The Bedouin tribesmen of Arabia had a reputation as fierce warriors. But their number was small; and plagued by disunity and internecine warfare, they had been no match for the larger armies of the kingdoms in the settled agricultural areas to the north. However, unified by Muhammad for the first time in history, and inspired by their fervent belief in the one true God, these small Arab armies now embarked upon one of the most astonishing series of conquests in human history. To the northeast of Arabia lay the large Neo-Persian Empire of the Sassanids; to the northwest lay the Byzantine, or Eastern Roman Empire, centered in Constantinople. Numerically, the Arabs were no match for their opponents. On the field of battle, though, the inspired Arabs rapidly conquered all of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine. By 642, Egypt had been wrested from the Byzantine Empire, while the Persian armies had been crushed at the key battles of Qadisiya in 637, and Nehavend in 642.
But even these enormous conquests-which were made under the leadership of Muhammad's close friends and immediate successors, Abu Bakr and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab -did not mark the end of the Arab advance. By 711, the Arab armies had swept completely across North Africa to the Atlantic Ocean There they turned north and, crossing the Strait of Gibraltar, overwhelmed the Visigothic kingdom in Spain.
For a while, it must have seemed that the Moslems would overwhelm all of Christian Europe. However, in 732, at the famous Battle of Tours, a Moslem army, which had advanced into the center of France, was at last defeated by the Franks. Nevertheless, in a scant century of fighting, these Bedouin tribesmen, inspired by the word of the Prophet, had carved out an empire stretching from the borders of India to the Atlantic Ocean-the largest empire that the world had yet seen. And everywhere that the armies conquered, large-scale conversion to the new faith eventually followed.
Now, not all of these conquests proved permanent. The Persians, though they have remained faithful to the religion of the Prophet, have since regained their independence from the Arabs. And in Spain, more than seven centuries of warfare 5 finally resulted in the Christians reconquering the entire peninsula. However, Mesopotamia and Egypt, the two cradles of ancient civilization, have remained Arab, as has the entire coast of North Africa. The new religion, of course, continued to spread, in the intervening centuries, far beyond the borders of the original Moslem conquests. Currently it has tens of millions of adherents in Africa and Central Asia and even more in Pakistan and northern India, and in Indonesia. In Indonesia, the new faith has been a unifying factor. In the Indian subcontinent, however, the conflict between Moslems and Hindus is still a major obstacle to unity.
How, then, is one to assess the overall impact of Muhammad on human history? Like all religions, Islam exerts an enormous influence upon the lives of its followers. It is for this reason that the founders of the world's great religions all figure prominently in this book . Since there are roughly twice as many Christians as Moslems in the world, it may initially seem strange that Muhammad has been ranked higher than Jesus. There are two principal reasons for that decision. First, Muhammad played a far more important role in the development of Islam than Jesus did in the development of Christianity. Although Jesus was responsible for the main ethical and moral precepts of Christianity (insofar as these differed from Judaism), St. Paul was the main developer of Christian theology, its principal proselytizer, and the author of a large portion of the New Testament.
Muhammad, however, was responsible for both the theology of Islam and its main ethical and moral principles. In addition, he played the key role in proselytizing the new faith, and in establishing the religious practices of Islam. Moreover, he is the messenger of the Moslem holy scriptures, the Koran, a collection of certain of Muhammad's insights that he believed had been directly revealed to him by Allah. Most of these utterances were copied more or less faithfully during Muhammad's lifetime and were collected together in authoritative form not long after his death. No such detailed compilation of the teachings of Christ has survived. Since the Koran is at least as important to Moslems as the Bible is to Christians, the influence of Muhammed through the medium of the Koran has been enormous It is probable that the relative influence of Muhammad on Islam has been larger than the combined influence of Jesus Christ and St. Paul on Christianity. On the purely religious level, then, it seems likely that Muhammad has been as influential in human history.
Furthermore, Muhammad (unlike Jesus) was a secular as well as a religious leader. In fact, as the driving force behind the Arab conquests, he may well rank as the most influential political leader of all time.
Of many important historical events, one might say that they were inevitable and would have occurred even without the particular political leader who guided them. For example, the South American colonies would probably have won their independence from Spain even if Simon Bolivar had never lived. But this cannot be said of the Arab conquests. Nothing similar had occurred before Muhammad, and there is no reason to believe that the conquests would have been achieved without him. The only comparable conquests in human history are those of the Mongols in the thirteenth century, which were primarily due to the influence of Genghis Khan. These conquests, however, though more extensive than those of the Arabs, did not prove permanent, and today the only areas occupied by the Mongols are those that they held prior to the time of Genghis Khan.
It is far different with the conquests of the Arabs. From Iraq to Morocco, there extends a whole chain of Arab nations united not merely by their faith in Islam, but also by their Arabic language, history, and culture. The centrality of the Koran in the Moslem religion and the fact that it is written in Arabic have probably prevented the Arab language from breaking up into mutually unintelligible dialects, which might otherwise have occurred in the intervening thirteen centuries. Differences and divisions between these Arab states exist, of course, and they are considerable, but the partial disunity should not blind us to the important elements of unity that have continued to exist. For instance, neither Iran nor Indonesia, both oil-producing states and both Islamic in religion, joined in the oil embargo of the winter of 1973-74. It is no coincidence that all of the Arab states, and only the Arab states, participated in the embargo.
We see, then, that the Arab conquests of the seventh century have continued to play an important role in human history, down to the present day. It is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.
The Greatest top 100 People List
01� Muhammad [PBUH]
02� Isaac Newton
03� Jesus Christ [PBUH]
06� St. Paul
07� Ts'ai Lun
08� Johann Gutenberg
09� Christopher Columbus
10� Albert Einstein
11� Louis Pasteur
12� Galileo Galilei
16� Charles Darwin
17� Shih Huang Ti
18� Augustus Caesar
19� Nicolaus Copernicus
20� Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
21� Constantine the Great
22� James Watt
23� Michael Faraday
24� James Clerk Maxwell
25� Martin Luther
26� George Washington
27� Karl Marx
28� Orville and Wilbur Wright
29� Genghis Kahn
30� Adam Smith
31� Edward de Vere
32� John Dalton
33� Alexander the Great
34� Napoleon Bonaparte
35� Thomas Edison
36� Antony van Leeuwenhoek
37� William T.G. Morton
38� Guglielmo Marconi
39� Adolf Hitler
41� Oliver Cromwell
42� Alexander Graham Bell
43� Alexander Fleming
44� John Locke
45� Ludwig van Beethoven
46� Werner Heisenberg
47� Louis Daguerre
48� Simon Bolivar
49� Rene Descartes
51� Pope Urban II
52� 'Umar ibn al-Khattab
54� St. Augustine
55� William Harvey
56� Ernest Rutherford
57� John Calvin
58� Gregor Mendel
59� Max Planck
60� Joseph Lister
61� Nikolaus August Otto
62� Francisco Pizarro
63� Hernando Cortes
64� Thomas Jefferson
65� Queen Isabella I
66� Joseph Stalin
67� Julius Caesar
68� William the Conqueror
69� Sigmund Freud
70� Edward Jenner
71� Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
72� Johann Sebastian Bach
73� Lao Tzu
75� Johannes Kepler
76� Enrico Fermi
77� Leonhard Euler
78� Jean-Jacques Rousseau
79� Nicoli Machiavelli
80� Thomas Malthus
81� John F. Kennedy
82� Gregory Pincus
85� Sui Wen Ti
86� Vasco da Gama
87� Cyrus the Great
88� Peter the Great
89� Mao Zedong
90� Francis Bacon
91� Henry Ford
94� Queen Elizabeth I
95� Mikhail Gorbachev
99� Justinian I
Michael H. Hart (born April 28, 1932 in New York City) is a American astrophysicist who has also written three books on history and controversial articles on a variety of subjects. Hart describes himself as a Jeffersonian liberal, Hart, a graduate of the Bronx High School of Science who enlisted in the U.S. Army during the Korean war, received his undergraduate degree at Cornell University in mathematics and later earned a Ph.D. in astrophysics at Princeton University. He also holds graduates degrees in physics, astronomy, and computer science, as well as a law degree. He was a research scientist at NASA before leaving to be a professor of physics at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. He has also taught both astronomy and history of science at Anne Arundel Community College in Arnold, Maryland.
His best known book is The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. His most recent book is Understanding Human History, which is a history of humanity beginning about 100,000 years ago and going through the 20th century. Unlike most other books on world history, Hart’s book explicitly discusses differences in average intelligence between various groups, explains when and why they arose, and discusses the effect that those differences have had on human history. this book which has sold more than 500,000 copies and been translated into 15 languages. His third book, A View from the Year 3000, published in 1999, is a history of the future which includes both technological advances and political developments.
Monday, January 4, 2010
Majority of Women in Hell fire!
“Know they not that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allaah and His Messenger, certainly for him will be the fire of Hell to abide therein? That is extreme disgrace”. (9:63)
“I saw Hell and I saw that most of its inhabitants were women”.
“O women give in charity, for I have seen that you form the majority of the people of Hell.”
They asked, “Why is that so, O Messenger of Allaah (saw)?”
He said, “Because you curse too much and are ungrateful for good treatment”.
(al-Bukhaari and Muslim)
“I stood at the gate of Hell, and saw that most of those who entered were women”.
(al-Bukhaari and Muslim)
“Few of the inhabitants of Paradise are women”.
“Women will be few among the inhabitants of Paradise because in most cases they prefer the immediate pleasures of this life, as they are less wise and unable to keep the Hereafter in mind. They are too weak to strive and prepare themselves for it, and are more inclined towards this world. In spite of all this, they are the strongest factor in this world that distracts men from the Hereafter, because men are inclined to desire them and they are not concerned with the Hereafter. They are quick to follow those who call them to deviate from Islaam, and reluctant to follow those pious people who cal them to the Hereafter, and righteous deeds”. (al-Qurtubee, at-Tadhkirah, 1/369)