Speciality about Friday from other Days
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
Friday has many distinguishing features and virtues that Allah has bestowed upon this day and not others.
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah and Hudhaifah (r.a) said the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “Allah led those who came before us away from Friday. The Jews had Saturday, and the Christians had Sunday. Then Allah brought us and Allah guided us to Friday. So there is Friday, Saturday and Sunday, and thus they will follow us on the Day of Resurrection. We are the last of the people of this world but we will be the first on the Day of Resurrection, and we will be dealt with before all others.” (Muslim, 856)
Al-Nawawi said that Al-Qaadi said: The apparent meaning is that it was obligatory for them to venerate Friday but this was not stated clearly; the matter was left to their own reasoning...
But they did not manage to work it out and Allah did not guide them to it. It was enjoined clearly upon this ummah, and was not left to their own reasoning, thus they were blessed with it.
It was narrated that Musa (a.s) enjoined Friday upon them and told them of its virtues, but they disputed with him and argued that Saturday was better, and it was said to him, ‘Let them be.’
Al-Qaadi said: if there had been a clear command, their arguing with him would not have been valid, rather it would have been said to him that they were going against the command. I say: it may be that it was clearly enjoined upon them but they disputed as to whether it was something they had to adhere to or they could change it to another day; they decided to change it to another day and they erred greatly thereby.
It comes as no surprise that Friday was specifically enjoined upon them and they went against that. Al-Haafiz said: How can it be otherwise when they are the ones who said “We hear and we disobey”?
Aws ibn Aws (r.a) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w) said: “The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet will be blown and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown to me.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, how will our blessings upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said, “Allah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, peace be upon them.” (Abu Dawood, 1047)
Abu Hurairah (r.a) said: The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he was admitted to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.” (Muslim, 1410)
Why Friday is regarded as special?
Al-Nawawi said that Al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad said:
The apparent meaning is that these virtues do not mean that Friday is regarded as special because Adam was expelled on a Friday and the Hour will begin on a Friday. Rather it is meant to explain what momentous events took place and will take place on this day, so that people will make the most of this day to do righteous deeds, so as to attain the Mercy of Allah and ward off His punishment.
Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said: All of these events are good and add to the virtue of Friday. The expulsion of Adam from Paradise is the reason why his offspring and the Messengers, the Prophets, the righteous and the awliya’ exist. He was not expelled from it as such, but rather it was for a purpose, then he will return to it. With regard to the Hour beginning on a Friday, the reason is so that the reward may be hastened for the Prophets, believers in truth, awliya’ and others, and their honour and high status may be made manifest. Therefore, this hadeeth points to the virtues of Friday and its high status in relation to the other days.
Abu Lubaabah ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir (r.a) said the Prophet (s.a.w) said: “Friday is the master of days, and the greatest of them before Allah. It is greater before Allah than the day of Al-Adha and the day of Al-Fitr. It has five characteristics:
- Allah created Adam (a.s)
- Allah sent Adam (a.s) down to the earth
- Allah caused Adam (a.s) to die
- a time when a person does not ask Allah for anything but He gives it but not asking for anything haraam
- the Hour will begin.
There is no angel who is close to Allah, no heaven, no earth, no wind, no mountain and no sea that does not fear Friday.” (Ibn Maajah, 1084)
Al-Sanadi said “They fear Friday” means they fear the onset of the Hour. This indicates that all created beings are aware of the days and they know that the Day of Resurrection will come on a Friday.
Virtues of Friday:
1 – On it is Salaat al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer), which is the best of prayer as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!” [Surah Al-Jumu’ah 62:9]
Abu Hurairah (r.a) that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “The five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah to the next is an expiation for whatever sins come in between them, so long as one does not commit a major sin.” (Muslim, 233)
2 – Praying Fajr in congregation on Fridays is the best prayer that the Muslim can pray during the week. Ibn ‘Umar (r.a) said the Messenger (s.a.w) said: “The best prayer before Allah is Fajr prayer on Friday in congregation.” (Al-Bayhaqi)
One of the special features of Fajr prayer on Friday is that it is Sunnah to recite Surah As-Sajdah in the first rak’ah and Surah Al-Insaan in the second.
Abu Hurairah (r.a) that the Prophet (s.a.w) "used to recite Surah Al-Sajdah on Fridays in the first rak’ah of Fajr prayer and Surah Al-Insaan in the second." (Bukhaari, 851 and Muslim, 880)
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said the reason why these two Surah are recited is because they mention the creation of Adam and what will happen on the Day of Resurrection, because that will come to pass on a Friday.
3 – Whoever dies during the day or night of Friday, Allah will protect him from the trial of the grave.
‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr (r.a.) said that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “There is no Muslim who dies during the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah will protect him from the trial of the gravee." (Tirmidhi, 1074)
We ask Allah to help us to please Him.